The 23 best books to read

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The 23 best books to read

1. “For Whom the Bells Fall” – Ernest Hemingway

It is a novel published in 1940. The book tells the story of Robert Jordan, an American explosion specialist at the International Brigades, stationed in a Republican guerrilla unit during the Spanish Civil War (1939 – 1939). He explores a number of such topics as death, love, and bigotry.2 “The Lord of the Flies” – William Golding

The work is about a group of good British guys who are trapped on an uninhabited island who are trying to self-govern but with devastating results. Golding's book addresses the very controversial themes of human nature and individual well-being versus the common good.

3. “Ana Karenina” – Leon Tolstoi

It is a novel published in series from 1875 to 1877. Telling the story of the aristocrat from St. Petersburg, Anna Karenina, the book masterfully explores a variety of topics, across nearly a thousand pages. A 2007 survey of 125 contemporary writers declared Ana Karenina “the most beautiful book ever written.” 4. “The Little Prince” – Antoine de Saint-Exupery

Written by French aristocrat, writer, poet and aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupery, “The Little Prince” is a very popular 1943 novel and the fourth most translated book in the world. The book describes with compassion the loneliness, friendship, love, and loss experienced by a little prince who has fallen to the earth.

5. The “Communist Manifesto” – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

A political pamphlet of 1848 by the German philosophers Marx and Engels, the “Communist Manifesto” is nowadays regarded as one of the most influential political manuscripts. It presents a unique analytical approach to class struggle, the problems of capitalism, and the nature of society and politics.

6. “On the Origin of Species” – Charles Darwin

Published in 1859, “On the Origin of Species” is a work of scientific literature that is also considered the foundation of evolutionary biology. Written for non-specialist readers, it presents a body of evidence that the diversity of life has come from the common lineage of inheritance through a branched pattern of evolution.

7. “Sofia's Choice” – William Styron

“Sofia's Choice” is a 1979 novel focusing on the tragic decision that Sofia, a Polish survivor of concentration camps in Germany, was forced to make after joining the two children in the camp. Sophia had to choose which of the children would live and die.

8. “On the Road” – Jack Kerouac

The defining book of postwar counterculture generations, On the Road, is a 1957 novel based on the author's and friends' travels across America. The book talks about free life, jazz, poetry and drugs. He has been selected by TIME Magazine as one of the 100 best novels in English from 1923 to 2005.

9. “To Kill the Mockingbird” – Harper Lee

The Pulitzer Prize-winning novel has become a classic of modern American literature. With the story line and characters largely based on the observations the author herself has made to her family and neighbors, the novel is known for its warmth and humor, despite addressing the serious problems of rape and racial inequality.

10. “1984” by George Orwell

“1984” is a dystopian novel set in a bleak world of eternal warfare, with ubiquitous government oversight and public manipulation, where individualism and independent thinking are persecuted and thought of as “crimes”.

11. “The Count of Monte Cristo” – Alexandre Dumas

Completed in 1844, “The Count of Monte Cristo” is an adventure novel dealing with themes of hope, justice, revenge, mercy and forgiveness. He focuses on a man who is imprisoned improperly, escapes from prison, earns a fortune and then takes the path of revenge for those responsible for his imprisonment.

12. “The Great Gatsby” – F. Scott Fitzgerald

Considered Fitzgerald's greatest work, “Getsby …” explores the theme of decadence, idealism, resistance to change, social rebellion, and excess, creating a portrait of the Jazz Era or Twentieth Century, described as a cautionary tale of the American Dream.

13. “The Alchemist” – Paolo Coelho

The Alchemist is a Brazilian author's novel, originally published in 1988. An allegorical novel, follows an Andalusian shepherd on his journey to Egypt after dreaming of finding a treasure there. An international bestseller, The Alchemist is one of the most popular books in history.

14. “Human Rights” – Thomas Paine

Published in two parts in March 1791 and February 1792, Human Rights is one of the most important books by an Anglo-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. The book deals with the French Revolution and the rights to be given to all human beings.

15. “A Brief History of Time” – Stephen Hawking

It's a 1988 science fiction book, where the author tries to explain a variety of topics such as cosmology, including the Big Bang, black holes, and cones of light for non-specialist readers. The book was immediately recognized and translated into 35 languages ​​by 2001.

16. “In the Wildness of Nature” – Jon Krakauer

Written in 1996, this book is an international bestseller published in 14 languages. Widely used in the curriculum of schools and colleges, the book deals with the topics of how to be accepted into society and how, sometimes, to find yourself conflicts with being an active member of society.

17. “Slaughter Five” – ​​Kurt Vonnegut

It is a satirical novel about World War II. Considered semi-autobiographical, the novel is based in part on the author's own experience of war. Generally accepted as Vonnegut's most influential book, it focuses on American soldier Billie Pilgrim.

18. “Lisa in the Wonderland” – Lewis Carroll

It is an adventure novel written by English mathematician Charles Dodgson nicknamed Lewis Carroll. The book cleverly plays with logic, giving it great popularity for both adults and children.

19. “Portrait of Dorian Gray” – Oscar Wilde

It is a gothic novel dealing with the themes of aestheticism, moral duality, and self-sacrifice. In 1890, when it was first published, it offended the moral sensibilities of readers and critics, but today it is considered one of the most prominent works of the 19th century.

20. “The Godfather” – Mario Puzo

It is a famous crime novel, dealing with the story of a New York mafia family led by Don Vito Corleone, who became synonymous with the Italian mafia. The novel covers the years 1945-1955 and also offers the story of Corleone's past.

21. “Animal Farm” – George Orwell

Another great work by Orwell. An allegorical and dystopian novel originally published in England in 1945. Allegedly criticizing Communism, the book was initially rejected by a number of American publishers, but is today considered one of the most influential books ever written.

22. “Nothing New from the West Front” – Erich Maria Remarque

Written by a German WWI veteran, the work is a 1928 war novel depicting the extreme physical and mental stress of German soldiers during the war and after returning home.

23. “One Hundred Years of Solitude” – Gabriel García Márquez

Considered Marquez's greatest work, it is a novel of magical realism published in 1967 that tells the story of the Buendia family. Translated into 37 languages ​​and with more than 30 million copies, the novel is recognized as one of the most important works in Spanish language literature.

The 23 best books to read

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